How to Create a Free Web-Based Tutorial for Beginners

Instead of handing out a printed tutorial, you can set up an online tutorial that resides on a website. The tutorial website can mimic a printed tutorial. The website’s homepage can function as the tutorial’s cover and introduction page and individual chapters can each load on a separate Web page. If you are creating the tutorial for beginners with very little online experience, add clear instructions throughout the website to minimize confusion. Unlike an e-book that people pay to read, you can allow free access to the web-based tutorial.


  1. Set up the tutorial home page. Type the title of the tutorial in a large, bold font and display an introductory paragraph about the tutorial contents that follow. Give brief instructions explaining how to use the online tutorial. If the tutorial supports a particular product, link from the tutorial home page to the product home page for more product information. You can also link from the home page to your company’s home page for reference.
  2. Create a left sidebar to serve as the Table of Contents that will display on all the Web pages. List each chapter in the sidebar and link each chapter listing to its own Web page. Unlike printed tutorials that list page numbers next to each chapter, Web tutorials link directly to each chapter.
  3. Create a Web page for each chapter. Use a large font for the chapter title, medium fonts for section headings and smaller fonts for paragraph content.
  4. Link from within each chapter Web page to other chapter Web pages when referencing. For example, if you mention an idea that you will elaborate upon in a subsequent chapter, create a link in the current chapter’s Web page directly to the subsequent chapter’s Web page.
  5. Add “Previous Chapter” and “Next Chapter” links to the end of each chapter Web page so that users can easily navigate through the tutorial.
  6. Make printable versions of each chapter by creating a Web page with duplicate textual content that does not contain the left sidebar. In addition, limit each line of text to 65 characters and use a black font on white background in the printable version. (see Reference 3)
  7. Create a “Help” page that explains how to use the online tutorial in detail. Include information on how the tutorial compares to a printed tutorial, how to link through to the different chapters and how to print out the tutorial. (see Reference 3)

How to Create a Professional Web Site

Many businesses produce a website as an imperative tool to attract new customers, sell products, or make it easier for current customers to get assistance with their concerns. Creating a professional website should not be difficult if you have website design experience. However, without a working knowledge of website design, consider hiring someone to design your business’s first website and give it that contemporary, professional look that customers expect.

A professional website connects a business to its customers.


  1. Purchase a domain name,which is the address for the website. Inexpensive and reputable sites to purchase domains include and, but there are others. Choose the right domain name to give the site a more professional and branded look.
  2. Sign up for web hosting. When running a professional website, it is important the site does not crash on customers. Check for either VPS or dedicated servers. Common sites to consider are or
  3. Create your website pages. It is important to include a “Contact” page and an “About” page. The “Contact” page should include a phone number and an email. The “About” page should explain what the company and its origins. If you offer a certain product or service, include a page on that as well.
    Choose neutral colors and avoid flashy graphics. In addition, the colors should mesh well. A professional designer can help you choose.
  4. Upload the files to the web host with an FTP client such as Depending on the size of the files, this should be accomplished in a very short amount of time.

How to Make a Website Android Phone Friendly

Since Apple’s introduction of the iPhone in 2007, smartphones continue to capture a growing share of the mobile phone market. Google’s Android is among the fastest growing smart phone platform, having overtaken the iPhone in both the US and the global market. With Android’s growth, website operators need to consider optimizing content for the Android platform. Android devices have specific content limitations. Optimizing a website for Android will provide the best user experience for website visitors.


  1. Reduce the size of graphics and remove any nonessential images. Android device screens are small meaning smaller graphic sizes are necessary so as not to overwhelm these screens. Graphics-heavy websites are also slow to load over 3G connections. Minimizing graphics will increase download speeds.
  2. Write clean HTML code for mobile websites. Each Android device model will display a webpage slightly differently. Adhering to W3C guidelines for proper HTML code will ensure that pages display properly across the many Android devices currently on the market.
  3. Avoid proprietary technologies such as Flash and Java. Flash is a popular choice for animations on regular websites, but most versions of Android do not support Flash. Other proprietary technologies, like Java, only act to slow down website performance on Android devices. Keep the website clean and free of proprietary technologies.
  4. Scale page sizes and layouts for the small screen. Many Android handsets have a WVGA resolution of 800 pixels wide by 480 pixels tall in landscape mode. Create page layouts that cater to smaller resolutions. Doing so allows users to read text more easily while viewing a larger portion of the page without the need to zoom.
  5. Remove elements that are not mobile device friendly. Long and complex forms are an example of elements that create headaches for Android device users browsing websites on small, touchscreen devices. Keep the target audience in mind when creating website features. If it does not make sense to include it on a mobile website then remove it.

Web Design Tutorial for Beginners

Web design tutorials come in a variety of formats, from online tutorials to in-person workshops. Online tutorials introduce one or two concepts in each lesson. In-person workshops range from short one- or two-hour sessions to all-day workshops.

Online Tutorials

  • Online tutorials for beginners feature a series of short lessons on individual topics, such as understanding domain names or HTML hand-coding. Many incorporate online videos to demonstrate techniques. Tutorials also cover specific software applications for web design. Online tutorials are completed at the learner’s own pace and from his own computer.

In-Person Short Workshops

  • Libraries and community centers offer short web design workshops for community members. These last no more than a couple of hours, serving as continuing education opportunities. One or two concepts or techniques are presented during the session. Workshops are conducted in a computer or learning lab, allowing participants time for hands-on instruction.
    Using computer labs makes it easy to provide hands-on practice.

Continuing Education

  • Continuing education departments at colleges and universities offer a broad array of workshops and seminars for beginning web design. These opportunities last from half to a full day, or they occur over several sessions. Some are available as distance learning classes. Many are planned as progressive programs with each workshop building from the previous, and becoming increasingly advanced.

Books and Manuals

  • For the self-learner, a number of HTML and web design books for beginners are available at local libraries and bookstores. The more comprehensive editions take the learner through the basic concepts one step at a time, and include illustrations, worksheets, and tips for design. Exercises and activities provide additional practice.
    How-to manuals for beginners are readily available at bookstores and libraries.

How to Create a Professional Website Header in Photoshop

Photoshop CC 2014 is an ideal tool for designing professional images for your website, including banners. When designing your first banner, keep the design simple so the graphic isn’t overloaded with too much visual information. If your business has company colors and a company font, you can certainly use those in your banner.
Step 1:Launch Photoshop. Press “Ctrl-N” or select “New” from the File menu. In the dialogue box, specify the height and width for your banner, such as 900 pixels wide and 150 pixels high. Click “OK.”

Step 2:Select a solid background color for the banner if desired. To do this, click the “Foreground Color” icon in the Toolbar and select a color, then click the “Rectangle Tool” and drag it across the entire banner. In this tutorial, however, we will be overlapping two gradients instead of using a solid background.

Step 3:Click the “Gradient” tool in the Toolbox. Click the “Fill” menu in the Options bar and select the black and white gradient from the available presets. Click anywhere above the banner in the canvas and drag the cursor below the banner. Release the mouse button to apply the gradient.

Step 4:Click the “Horizontal Text Tool” in the Toolbox. Drag the cursor over the banner to create a text box. Use the menus in the Options bar to specify a font, font size and color. Drag the text box so that it’s centered on the left side of the banner.

Step 5:Select “Open” from the File menu and select any image on your computer that you want to use for your banner, like a company logo, a picture of yourself or a product you are selling. When the image opens, select “Duplicate” from the Layer menu. Change the destination to your header file, which would be called “Untitled-1” unless you already saved it. Click “OK” to add the image as a new layer to your banner.

Step 6:Select “Transform” from the Edit menu and then click “Scale.” In most cases, the entire image won’t be visible on the narrow banner, but its outline is visible after you select “Scale.” Drag any corner of the image outline to resize it for your banner. Hold down the “Shift” key while dragging to lock its aspect ratio. Press “Enter.” Drag the image so it’s on the right side of the banner.

Image courtesy of Adobe.

Step 7:Click the “Foreground Color” icon in the Toolbar to open the Color Picker. Click anywhere on the right side of the banner to match its color in the Color Picker and then click “OK.”

Step 8:Select the “Rectangle Tool” from the Toolbox. Click the “Fill” menu and then select the “Gradient” icon at the top of the menu options. Drag the cursor across the banner from just inside the image’s left side all the way to the banner’s left edge. The makes a rectangle with a gradient using the color you matched from the picture.

Step 9:Locate the “Rectangle 1” layer in the Layers panel, which is the layer containing the gradient rectangle you just added. Drag this layer down to make it the third layer from the top — below “Layer 1” and the layer containing your text. Click the “Opacity” menu at the top of the Layers panel and drag the slider so it’s about 50 percent. Making the top gradient semi-transparent lets it merge with the gradient below it, creating a rich background.

Step 10:Select the layer containing your text in the Layers panel. Click the “Layer” menu, select “Layer Style” and then click “Bevel & Emboss.” Make sure the Style menu is set at “Emboss” and drag the “Depth” slider to the left — around “225” percent — to add only a bit of this effect to the text.

Step 11:Click the “Satin” option in the Layer Style window. For this style, use a Blend Mode of “Multiply” and reduce the Opacity to about “15” percent. This combines the satin style with the emboss style. Adjust the settings if desired and click “OK.”

Step 12:Save the image as a Web-optimized banner by selecting “Save for Web” from the File menu. Select “JPEG” from the Format menu and use an Image Quality of between 75 and 80 percent. This creates an image with a small file size, which is quickly loaded by any Web browser, without sacrificing image quality. Click “Save” and select a location to store the file on your computer. After closing Photoshop, add the file to your Web page.

Opt for Dedicated Server Hosting Manchester for Top Quality Hosting

cyberhostproA good hosting service is what I was looking for to get my website live on the internet. From all that is available, the most apt one for my website was dedicated server hosting Manchester. I have been running a restaurant chain since a few years and now I wanted to get publicity for my website even on the internet. As I have a successful business from some years, budget was not a problem for me. My only concern was to get publicity for my website on the internet and get more and more people to know about my restaurant chain.

With so many food joints already leading the market, it is surely not easy for a new one to capture the market. Most people look for new restaurants or food joints on the internet and so I thought that it makes sense to invest on building a website and having it hosted, as this would bring about more business. I did not want to spend time on doing the hosting on my own and so I hired a professional dedicated server hosting Manchester service. In this, one physical server is completely dedicated to my system ensuring best performance and functioning of my website. It has better reliability and security as no other system shares the server. This also does not hamper the performance of the website. Even though dedicated hosting is a bit expensive compared to the other types, it is completely worth it when you take its benefits into account.

Another very good type is windows hosting London. It is quite easy to use for many people who have different types of websites. Many people find windows hosting simple to use for their websites, which is why this makes sense. One of my friends opted for a windows hosting package, as he is familiar with the windows operating system. If you are aware of this type, you will find it easier to learn the process to use the server. You do not have to make efforts to learn a new language to maintain your website. Not only this, it is a boon for beginners who are new to website hosting. My friend uses windows hosting and has found it to be extremely beneficial and easy to use. For ones who make use of a popular web design program, a windows hosting platform will make things easier for you. Your server will support extensions, making work simpler.

Along with getting my website hosted, I wanted to earn some money out of the process. One good way for this is to opt for reseller hosting London. my hosting provider offers various reseller hosting packages in which all I had to do was buy web space from the company and sell it to my clients for a profit. This made it easier for me as I can sell hosting under my brand name and not require handling the technical aspects on my own. My hosting provider takes care of the technical support required for the functioning of the client website. I just have to count my profits.


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Tips on Attracting SEO Customers

You might be a genius in the field of SEO but without any clients, your business is not just going to be successful. There are always techniques to fix that. Again, question yourself if you are ready to have new clients. You think that it is a good idea to have new clients but not always. The customer expects quality content. When there is an increase in the number of customers, the quality might not be as good as before, many large-scale businesses that have crashed because of this.


SEO New York suggests that you follow these if you think you can handle the new bunch.


Getting new references is good. You can be recommended to the new clients by this way. Ask your friends and acquaintances to spread the word about what you do. Those who were satisfied by your efforts before will be recommending you anyway. Put up a review section in your website where you can have all feedback and acknowledge people that you care about them.

Listing of your services online

Post your rates and the work you do online. For those who are searching for people like will be able to find you without any effort. Put up your contact info and this will work for sure.

Check job boards

SEO job boards like craigslist are a great opportunity to find new customers. You need to prepare your website though for the traffic. No matter through which way you want to advertise, clients will always check your website before hiring you.

Maintenance of high quality site

As said earlier, a good site will attract a lot of business. Add to that the customer experience, which again will help for free publicity. It is important that you keep the customer in mind and design your website accordingly. A good ranked site will always be good for business, say experts from New York SEO Company. Make sure that you use relevant keywords for the good rankings. If you cannot prepare your site by SEO, customers are no freaks to trust you with theirs.


You might be surprised but many of the businesses follow this tactic of collaborating with a web designer or a developer. Imagine working with some designer who is good at what he does. It will make your work easy. Working on a SEO project for poorly designed site is not exactly a dream run.

Discounts and subscriptions

This again is not just for the namesake. When a customer orders SEO for two sites, it is only fair that you give a discount. Even a small margin would go a long way. SEO is a trending topic and subscription brings you monthly checks, which is like a full time business.

Social media activity

This is an obvious point. It only makes sense that people who stay active on social media will have a lot of exposure and add to it the new customers you can come across. View More




How to Set Up a Website for a Small Business

A website is a great way to market your small business and its products. You can use a website to share information and news about yourself, your business, and your products, thereby providing valuable information to potential clients. A website can also be used to sell products and maximizing profits for your business.


  1. Choose a domain name, which will be the unique online location for your website. Use an online site like or to help you determine which sites are available. The best domain names are ones that are similar to your business name and easy to spell and remember. While .com sites are the most popular, don’t overlook .net or .biz domains. Try to avoid using a domain name that would get confused with a popular website or competitor.
  2. Secure a domain name. Once you have selected the name you’d like to use for your website, you will need to purchase it at an online hosting site like or You should also consider purchasing any related website names, such as .org, .net and .biz domains, to avoid confusion if someone sets up a website with a similar name to the one you have chosen for your business.
  3. Purchase a web hosting package. Services like the ones mentioned above offer a variety of packages for online website and email hosting. Basic packages are available for a nominal fee. You should select your package based on specific needs, such as bandwidth, email accounts, storage needs and MySQL database need, subdomain availability and secure SLL certification. It may be beneficial to discuss your specific needs with a website designer or a web savvy friend to ensure that you purchase the best hosting package for your business.
  4. Develop your site design and content. Before programming your website, you will need to determine its content. Information about you and your company, news items, events, blogs, photos and contact information are common components of most websites. You will also want to determine your website’s navigation–how the information is presented and is accessed from one page to the next. It may be helpful to work with a professional copywriter and website designer to help you determine the best way to develop and organize content for your site.
  5. Program your site, either using a professional website designer, an online service such as or or an html software package like Adobe Dreamweaver. Online sites and downloadable software packages offer step-by-step instructions for website development and programming, including built-in templates, guides for downloading images and uploading content and customizable colors.
  6. Upload your site. Once you have programmed and tested your website, you’ll want to make it live. Send the link to customer and friends to help spread the word about your business. You may want to include a link for submitting feedback on your content and design to help improve your website’s look and functionality.

How to Add Pages to My Web Site Template

How to Add Pages to My Web Site Template. Templates make building web sites easier. This is a sure fact. And they are often less expensive than hiring a designer. One problem, however, comes up with most templates: they don’t have enough links on them to include all of the pages needed. Adding pages to templates is not terribly difficult even for a beginner, but you will need to make a few adjustments.
To add pages to a template menu using I-frames, you should first understand the concept of frames. With frame construction, the index page calls only a portion of a page to see “additional content” (that is, the frame). If you want to add a page to the menu bar along the top or side of your frame template, follow these simple steps.


  1. Open your template in your site editor.
  2. Locate the table holding the menu.
  3. Make note of the width or height of the table–width if the menu is horizontal and height if the menu is vertical. If the original table is 300px wide or tall, you will need to adjust the cells within the table to total that number with the new addition.
  4. Within the existing table, you will need to add a cell to accommodate your new page, then adjust all of the cells to be the appropriate size.
  5. Open an existing frame within the template. From the menu bar, choose “Save As” and navigate to the file where your template is saved.
  6. Choose the frame number for your new frame, and choose “Save”.
  7. Revert to your index and highlight your new cell in the navigation table, then program it to be a link, with the new frame number as the link name and the target being content. An example of this is as follows: .
  8. Close the command cell.
  9. With an html template, the only difference is the command line. It will read: .
  10. An alternative method to add a page is to include it simply as a text link within the context of the document. To add a text link:
    1. Choose the text to serve as the link.
  11. In your text editor, immediately prior to the text, simply type in the appropriate command line as above, based on whether your template uses frames or html pages.
  12. Immediately following the text, close the command with the syntax.

How to Create a Web Page Size in Photoshop

Whether you code your own websites or produce mockups for a coding guru to construct behind the scenes, use Adobe Photoshop to create detailed visualizations for team review and client approval. Because Web browsers display in the pixel-based world of monitors and mobile device screens, Photoshop’s focus on bitmapped imagery matches up with the view your visitors will see when you finish building your designs.

Size Matters

  • When you mock up or prototype a Web page, keep viewers’ monitor dimensions in mind as you set up working files in Adobe Photoshop. Although the W3Schools website attracts tech-centric visitors whose equipment may not match average computer users’, its long-term site statistics clearly show the impact of big viewing devices and high screen resolutions. In January 2014, 47 percent of its visitors set their viewing preferences to 1920 by 1080 or higher resolutions, compared with 10 percent 10 years earlier. Along with full-screen site versions, if you’re building the mobile-device view of a responsive layout that will adapt to visitors’ screen dimensions, you can set up your working file at a size that matches common screen dimensions on smartphones and tablets.

Ready, Set, Go

  • As you instigate the process of creating an Adobe Photoshop document, you start with the basics: dimensions, resolution and color mode. Set the resolution to 72 pixels per inch and your color mode to RGB for online compatibility. Photoshop’s “Web” preset automatically creates an 800-by-600 pixel file, which may not be what you want, depending on the type of page you create and the hardware you assume your visitors use. The program’s New dialog box also shows you the amount of disk space your document requires. Use the background contents setting to establish a file that includes a white Background layer, starts with a transparent Layer 1 or fills the background with the current foreground color from the Tools panel. If you expect to build many files at this size and with these settings, save your setup as a preset. In the Advanced section of the New dialog box, turn on — or ignore — color management and assign a color profile.

On the Grid

  • Gridded Photoshop files provide a productive work area in which to design Web layouts based on consistent arrangements of columns, column gutters and vertical page divisions. When you set up these types of arrangements, take a moment to do the underlying math first. Add up the widths of your columns and the gutter spaces between them to determine overall page width or divide the width you want to use by the sizes of the units in which you want to break it up. With your calculations in hand, create a file that contains the right dimensions for your intended use. Note that if you base Photoshop layouts on any measurement system other than pixels, you risk creating design units that don’t match the invisible pixel grid imposed by document resolution. You’ll see softened edges around rectangular solids because your measurements won’t fall exactly on the file’s own grid. Of course, if you’re accustomed to working in points as a unit of measure, a 72-pixel-per-inch file destined for the Web correlates exactly with point measurements.

Other Considerations

  • If you design with the ultra-high-resolution screens of Apple’s Retina-display devices in mind, create a set of graphics at twice the dimensions of your regular online assets and serve them up to visitors with qualifying hardware. Depending on how you code your website pages, you can use two separate sets of graphics, scale down the Retina-ready files for other visitors or serve up regular images to everyone. Add “@2x” — without the quotation marks — to the end of high-res website file names so the software that loads your pages can recognize these documents. You’ll have better results if you build the larger files first and create downsized versions of them for regular screens, rather than the other way around, because of the inevitable softening introduced through image-scaling operations.

Version Information

  • Information in this article applies to Adobe Photoshop CC 2014, Adobe Photoshop CC and Adobe Photoshop CS6. It may differ slightly or significantly with other versions or products.

How to Storyboard Your Web Site

How to Storyboard Your Web Site. Creating a Web site is not hard to do, but making it easy to navigate and informative can be challenging. Providing information is not always a problem, nor is organizing that information. Getting it all right the first time, however, is a challenge that gets the best of the most proficient Web site builders. An easy way to make sure it all flows and is simple to navigate is to storyboard your Web site. Storyboarding is an easy way to see what information goes on which page and how that page will flow with the other pages on the site. It will also allow you to see how the site navigation needs to be set up and avoid you having to redo the menus or content on multiple pages.


  1. Collect the information that you want to include on the Web site. This includes text as well as images.
  2. Sort the information into topics. Topics should start at the broadest and work toward the narrowest.
  3. For each page of the Web site, determine page title, headings, sub headings and content.
  4. Plan the structure of the information and how the pages will link. This needs to be logical. It can be linear, hierarchical or a branch design, in the form of a web.
  5. Layout the menu structure.
  6. Layout your template page. This should be the interior page of the Web site.
  7. Test the layout. Imagine that you are a visitor to the Web site. You can enter on any page. Does it work? If not, start again.

Difference between Mobile Web & WAP

Since the late 1990s, developers of mobile devices have been seeking a way to provide reliable internet experiences through cellular technologies; many countries and organizations have worked from different angles to make this far-reaching goal a reality. On one hand, companies have been working to develop a standard for web pages using which they can easily tailor their content to a variety of mobile web applications. On the other hand, mobile device makers have tried to adapt web browser programming to hardware that was not originally designed for multimedia applications.

Different Purposes

  • Mobile Web focused primarily on developing a design standard that would allow regular websites to view properly on the smaller screens of mobile devices. As such, mobile web sought to give web developers the tools to make their content look better on smaller, slower devices than the average computer. By contrast, Wireless Application Protocol (WAP) attempted to create a protocol that would bridge the gap between cellular network devices and web servers. WAP depends largely on developers creating proprietary programs — for email or stock reports, for example — while using the WAP standard primarily for encoding that data.

Underlying Technologies

  • WAP relied on a new, open standard similar to HTML called Wireless Markup Language (WML). This requires service, such as web or e-mail servers, to be configured to deliver their data in WML or go through a Web-to-WAP proxy.

    Mobile Web, however, uses the industry standard Extensible Hypertext Markup Language (XHTML). By using this language, developers are more easily able to conform their web page to mobile standards without major upgrades or equipment investments. Furthermore, the mobile version of a web page can be delivered to a regular browser, instead of only to a proprietary cellular display program.


  • WAP technologies were initially designed to work on everything from full-color to black-and-white cell phone screens. As such, WAP-designed web services are generally less image-intensive than their XHTML-based mobile web counterparts.

Driving Organizations

  • Two different organizations developed the mobile web and WAP standards. For mobile web, the venerable World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) put together the Mobile Web Initiative (MWI). The W3C has been integral in developing web standards accepted by many of the major browsers, including the XHTML standard upon which mobile web was based. WAP was developed through an organization of nearly 200 mobile companies called the Open Mobile Alliance (OMA). The OMA also integrated previously disparate working groups, including the Mobile Wireless Internet and Location Interoperability Forums.

The Future of the Technologies

  • Both of these standardization programs were initiated earlier in the decade, when the line between a cellphone and an internet-ready computer were very stark. Today, both standards are becoming less and less relevant as technologies such as modern smartphones blur the line between computers and cellphones. Larger screens accommodate greater amounts of visual spaces, and new transmission technologies eliminate the need for data proxies.

How to Build an iPad Compatible Website

Back in the day, when everyone looked at the Web on a computer, all that mattered in Web design was nice images and working links. But Web design has changed a lot since the early days of the Internet, and today, someone might visit your websites from any of hundreds of combinations of operating system, browser, and device. One such device — the iPad — offers visitors a beautiful way to surf the Web, but it can be tricky to optimize a site for viewing on an iPad.

iPad Screen Resolution

  • At 1024 pixels wide, the iPad has a native screen resolution very similar to a laptop or desktop computer. While this should make designing a website for iPad straightforward, the iPad offers a twist. You can turn it, and the screen turns with it. Then, you have a screen that’s 1024 pixels tall, but only 768 pixels wide. Your website will suddenly spill over the side, leaving the user swiping their iPad to see all of your site.

Responsive Design

  • Because of the nature of devices like the iPad, which use screen-rotation technology and force websites to display in whatever orientation the user is holding the device, Web designers have had to create new standards for design. “Responsive design” refers to a website that uses CSS and Java to shrink or expand the design of the site based on the device that’s viewing it. If you are using a content management system like WordPress, Drupal, or Joomla, look for responsive themes or install mobile site plugins and addons to make your site scale to its screen.


  • The second key difference between viewing your website on your computer and on an iPad is that iPad users don’t have the accuracy of a mouse pointer for interacting with your site. Consider this when developing the site: small menus with dozens of submenus will be impossible to navigate on an iPad. The font you use needs to be large enough and provide enough spacing between links to facilitate in-text links, and sidebars and buttons should be touchable. You can test the usability of your site with iPadPeek, which previews your site on an iPad browser, to see how fonts display (See Resources).


  • The iPad uses a mobile version of the Safari browser, which has one known issue that drives Web developers wild: there’s no Flash. Flash was once the Web-standard for online video, but the popularity of Apple mobile devices, which don’t support it and don’t offer a chance to download a plugin, is forcing Web-standards away from Flash toward HTML5-supported video using players like YouTube and Vimeo. Again, you can check how your site’s videos display using iPadPeek, or can just use YouTube or Vimeo embed code to ensure compatibility.

Difference Between Mobile Applications & Web Applications

Most apps used on tablets and smartphones come from markets such as Apple’s App Store and are installed on a device’s drive. Web apps provide an alternative method: since they run directly in a Web browser, Web apps work across multiple platforms, require no installation and don’t need the approval of an app marketplace. Downsides to Web apps, however, include the need for an Internet connection and their impermanence — if the website hosting a Web app shuts down, you won’t be able to use the app anymore.

Differences in Functionality

  • Web apps can perform many of the same functions as regular mobile apps, but have a few limitations. Unlike installed apps, most Web apps require an Internet connection to work. Web apps don’t perform as well with animation and graphics, and can’t access all the hardware sensors on a mobile device, such as its gyroscope or accelerometer, though they can use the GPS.

Differences in Design

  • When programming regular mobile apps, developers must create separate pieces of software for each platform, such as iOS and Android. Web apps work in standard Web browsers, and can be created to work across many brands of devices, even those with different operating systems or screen sizes. Web app developers can also include platform-specific coding, ignored by other systems, that enable better performance on particular devices. For example, Web apps run in Safari on iOS or in Chrome on Android can be made to look like native apps when run from a home screen shortcut.

Differences in Distribution and Monetization

  • App stores, such as Google Play on Android, sell mobile apps and take a percentage of each sale. Many apps across all mobile platforms also offer free, ad-supported versions. Because Web apps open just like regular websites, they aren’t sold through these stores. Web apps usually have no cost, but may include advertising. By avoiding the app marketplaces, Web apps give developers a way to publish any content they wish and update it at will, rather than waiting for approval from the distributor.

Web Applications for Computers

  • In addition to Web apps specifically designed for mobile devices, websites can host applications that run in Web browsers on desktop and laptop computers. Some of these apps work on both computers and mobile devices by using technologies such as HTML5, but many run through plugins such as Flash, Java and Silverlight, which don’t work in most mobile browsers. Just as with Web apps on mobile, these applications can perform tasks normally associated with installed software, such as saving and loading data to the hard drive.

How to Convert a Website to an iPhone

More and more websites are seeing an increase in traffic from mobile browsers, specifically Mobile Safari, which runs on the iPhone and iPod touch. While Mobile Safari is quite capable of displaying websites designed for a standard browser, there are time when detail is lost because of the reduced size.

It is possible to design a website so that nothing is lost to iPhone visitors by following a taking a few steps to modify the existing site.


  1. Remove any unnecessary Flash content. The Mobile Safari browser is incapable of displaying Flash movies. Any content that was in Flash should be converted to a text format for your visitors to read.
  2. Use your FTP program to download your site’s main CSS file from your web server. Once you have this file, open it with your web design software or text editor and paste the following code to hide the navigation elements:

    @media only screen and (max-device-width: 480px) {
    .navigation {
    display: none;

    Save this file.

  3. Upload the CSS file you just modified to your web server.
  4. Download the HTML files for the web pages you wish to convert to the iPhone’s browser. On each of these pages, insert the following code to display the navigation elements in Internet Explorer:

    <!–[if !IE]>–>
    <link media=”only screen and (max-device-width: 480px)”
    rel=”stylesheet” type=”text/css” href=”iPhone.css”/>

    Save these files and upload them back to your web server using your FTP program.

  5. Create a new file called iPhone.css. This will contain the CSS elements for the Mobile Safari browser. You can use CSS to style your pages in any way you see fit, but it must contain these lines:

    .navigation {
    display: none;

    Save this file and upload it back to your server

  6. Test your modified webpages in the different web browsers. Make sure to test how the site is displayed on an iPhone or by using the iPhone simulator (see Resources).

How to Make the M Subdomain for Mobile Websites

An increasing number of people surf the Internet using a mobile device, such as a smart phone or a tablet. Website owners can choose to either make their sites resize based on screen size or send mobile visitors to a separate version of the website that is optimized for phones. Creating an “m” subdomain for the phone-optimized version of your site is a good way to separate it from the main site, but you need to also redirect mobile visitors to the subdomain. Detecting screen size is a simple way to tell mobile browsers to redirect to the subdomain.

Make a Subdomain

  1. Log into the control panel for your Web hosting account. Click the “Subdomains” icon, which is often grouped with other domain-related tools.
  2. Type “m” in the subdomain field. Select the domain you want to add the subdomain to, using the dropdown list.
  3. Take note of the FTP location where your new subdomain’s files will go. This information typically displays on the subdomain creation page as soon as you enter the subdomain’s name. Submit the form to create your subdomain. The subdomain should go live right away, but you must upload files to it before anything will appear there.

Write the Redirect

  1. Open the file for your website’s home page, which is usually “index.html” or “index.php.” If there are no “<head>” tags in that file, open the heading file, typically named “header.html” or “header.php.”
  2. Add “<script>” tags above the closing “</head>” tag in your home page’s code:<script type=”text/javascript”>
  3. Write a small JavaScript to detect the screen width of the device being used to visit your website. If the screen width is less than 700 pixels, you can assume the user is visiting your website on a mobile device. In this case, redirect the user to the “m” subdomain:<script type=”text/javascript”>
    if (screen.width <= 699) {

      document.location = &#8220;;;


    In the above script, change “” to your own domain.

How to Optimize a Website for a Mobile

As more people make the transition to web-enabled mobile phones, it becomes crucial for website owners to optimize their websites for use on mobile devices. Majority of mobile users that browse the Internet are doing so while commuting on busy trains or buses, racing through busy airports or standing in lines. They need information quickly because they are on the move and not sitting at a desk. There are several considerations you can take to make a website more mobile-friendly.

Mobile-friendly Organization

  1. Consider the specific needs of the users that visit your website. Desktop users generally will have more time for browsing and want a larger variety and selection of information. Mobile users want a specific piece of information as fast as possible.
  2. Organize the structure of the website based off of the needs of the mobile and desktop users. If the content provided by your website is best separated into mobile and desktop categories, you may consider running a mobile-version of the website in a subdomain (for example:
  3. Consider how users will find your website. Mobile users likely won’t memorize or consider a mobile-version of a website URL that they use regularly–they will use the regular URL ( and expect that everything will be fine. It is your job to redirect the user to the pages that are optimized for mobile-use using automatic redirection.

Page Contents

  1. Remove any unnecessary information from pages that are to be viewed by mobile devices. Show users that they are able to access more extensive information if they desire by accessing the desktop version of the website, but keep information short.
  2. Develop categories and contents that are mobile-specific. Users with desktop access may want to look at future bus schedules and rider programs, but mobile users may be running for a bus and want to know right now if there will be a bus for them to catch. Keep information specific to what a person on the move may be looking for.
  3. Do without advertising if possible. Advertisements take up a lot of space and mobile screens are not big to begin with. Forcing a user to scroll inhibits his ability to quickly find the information they are searching for.

Page Design

  1. Design pages for a resolution of 320×240 pixels. Space is limited and it becomes crucial that you can present the needed information with very little work space.
  2. Resist using scripts and other fancy functionality that is not guaranteed to work on every mobile browser.
  3. Write brief, informative sentences instead of paragraphs. Depending on the screen and brightness of a user’s mobile device, large paragraphs of text could be difficult to read.
  4. Resist using large pictures and frames. These not only take up precious space, but can increase download time and bandwidth use, which can be costly to users.
  5. Create links and buttons that are easily identified and used by users while they are moving and may not have the ability to study the page for long.

How to Convert a Website for a Mobile Browser

Mobile devices, like smartphones and tablets, account for more than half of all Internet traffic. Yet, according to research done by BrightEdge in 2014, over a quarter of the websites people visit aren’t configured properly for these devices — costing them an average of 68 percent loss in traffic. Properly modifying your own website for mobile browsers does require planning and testing. The coding itself, however, is usually not very challenging, particularly if you’re already familiar with CSS. If you use a platform like WordPress, you don’t need to know code at all.

Common Platforms

  • Since the advent of the iPhone, developers behind website platforms like WordPress, Joomla and Drupal have integrated mobile design. Drupal, for example comes with mobile-friendly themes in its original installation. Each of these platforms have mobile themes that are designed to kick in as soon as your website detects it is being accessed by a mobile browser. Other themes are already mobile-friendly and will respond to touch gestures just as they respond to mouse-clicks, without significantly changing the design or layout of your website across different devices.

Using CSS and HTML

  • For HTML websites, use a cascading style sheet, or CSS, file to present the mobile version of your pages when they are accessed by a mobile browser. While it is possible to code CSS to detect specific devices, a more common approach is to specify layouts based on screen size in pixels. If desired, you can have one style for large screens, one for tablets and one for mobile phones. Using CSS has the added advantage of only having to write the code once — in the CSS file. Each of your pages then need only a single line of code to draw its styles from CSS.

Touch Screen Interactive Features

  • If you have configured a Web page to be an interactive experience for visitors using JavaScript or HTML5, it’s vital that you know how your website will respond to touch events, not only on a mobile browser, but on a growing number of touch screen desktops too. In most cases, you should consider adding touch events and gestures to your design code. In JQuery, for example, the equivalent to a mouse-click on a touch screen is a tap event, triggered when a user touches and then lifts a finger from the screen. Depending on your page, you may also want to disable default settings on the mobile browser, like pinching to zoom or dragging to scroll, by using “preventDefault” events.

Testing and Verification

  • The best way to test your new mobile website is to use your own mobile device. Examine the style and page layout, navigate with touches and gestures, and look closely at your images to ensure they look crisp. You can also use your computer’s Web browser to emulate a mobile display. On Google Chrome, for example, press “F12” to open the Developer’s Console. Click the “Settings” icon and then click the “Emulation” tab to select a device like a Google Nexus or Apple iPad.

How to Make a Mobile Website

Websites created for mobile device should be designed differently than websites that are accessed by computer users. Whereas a regular website may have a lot of content such as images, text and special effects, a mobile website should be as simple as possible. By using less, your website will be considered “mobile friendly.” As a result, you have a greater chance of visitors coming back to your site when they need quick information on the go.


  1. Purchase a domain name for your mobile website. While you can choose a .com domain name if you desire, the .mobi extension specifically indicates that a website is for mobile users. To purchase a .com domain name, you can visit any domain name registrar, such as NetFirms.Com, GoDaddy.Com or Network Solutions. As of mid-2009, the domain name will cost you an average of $7.00 to $10.00 per year, depending upon the registrar. You will need to enter valid credit card information to purchase the domain name.

    Keep in mind that not all domain name registrars allow you to register .mobi extensions. (See Resources.)

  2. Go to a website, such as mobiSiteGalore, that will allow you to use their free online software to create a website that is friendly to mobile devices. You will need to sign up for a new user account in order to use the website. Log into your account after completing the sign-up process. (See Resources.)
  3. Browse through the list of available templates to choose the template you would like to use on your mobile website. Customize the template by choosing your items such as color and font type.
  4. Begin creating pages for your website. The pages should contain basic information that a mobile user would want to quickly find out about your site or product. For example, you can include a “Contact Us” page, “Products” or “Map.” The text on your pages should be brief and to the point.
  5. Insert images onto your mobile pages. Avoid using a lot of images on your pages, since using a lot of images is not considered “mobile friendly,” in part because of the small screen.
  6. Preview your mobile website to make sure it looks good. Edit it if needed. Once you are satisfied, select the option to “publish” your site.

 How to Build a Mobile Website

An increasing number of web savvy users are connecting to websites via their mobile phones; therefore the need to increase mobile accessibility to those sites has increased at a rapid rate. Luckily for website owners, creating a mobile version of an existing website or even a mobile-only site is a fairly simple process thanks to the rather “simplistic” architecture of such sites.


  1. Start by creating a subdomain for the mobile site. Typically these subdomains are found at where “website” is the main domain for the site. Depending on your hosting company, the method for adding subdomains will differ; typically, however there is an option to simply “add subdomains.”
  2. Create your site using .CSS files. These files allow for a “Table Free” design, which is easier to read on mobile devices than tabled options.
  3. Use a PHP script that will detect mobile browser settings and act accordingly, Blogstorm offers some excellent code that can be used to create your mobile browsing experience. Its script can even detect screen resolution sizes, which vary greatly among many different types of mobile devices.
  4. Create a “text heavy” version of your site without the images and other tables included for users of rudimentary mobile web browsers. This would be the part of the site to include at the address.
  5. Program your site using valid XHTML. Most mobile browsers these days support XHTML and even image files and java programmed along with a properly marked up language.

How to Design Web Pages for Mobile Devices

Most mobile users don’t want to waste time waiting for your web pages to download to their mobile devices. When you are creating mobile device web pages, items such as images, frames, tables and special styling should be off limits or used moderately in order to prevent user frustration. If you have an existing mobile web page, the MobiReady website will allow you to test it to determine whether or not it is mobile device complaint. You will be able to view your pages through the displays of many different phone models. If your find your site is not compliant, you can easily create pages for mobile devices by following the instructions below.


  1. Visit a website, such as DotMobi or MobiSiteGalore, that allows you to create web pages specifically designed for mobile devices. Many websites will allow you to utilize their creation tools for free.
  2. Select the option to sign up for a new account. Log onto your new account once the sign-up process has been completed.
  3. Select a template for your mobile page. The templates with DotMobi will appear within the frame of a mobile display to give you an idea of what the template will look like on a device.
  4. Customize your mobile device template by changing the colors and title. You can also upload your own company logo to be included with the title.
  5. Begin creating pages for your mobile website by choosing titles for your pages, such as About Us, Products, and Services. If you do not like the titles listed, you can create your own unique titles. Create as few or as many pages as you like.
  6. Enter your text onto the pages. You will be able to customize the color of the text if you so desire.
  7. Preview your entire mobile website through the mobile interface to ensure you’re satisfied with the results.
  8. Select the option to publish your site so that it is viewable by mobile users. After choosing the option to publish the mobile pages, you can choose to download the the design as a zip file to your computer. This is the option to choose if you want to add the mobile page design to your existing website. If you would like to publish your mobile web pages through DotMobi or MobiSiteGalore, you can choose the option bring your own domain name, purchase a domain name from the company or use one of its free subdomains.

What Is Storyboarding in Web Design?

When a website’s creators are in the design process, storyboarding is often part of the initial stages. A storyboard is a way to get a sense of how the website will look, feel and behave before it gets to the official design or copy writing stage. Both creative and technical professionals use storyboards, which can streamline the design and development process.


  • A website storyboard usually starts with a series of blank rectangles on a page, one for each page of the site. Depending on the company and designers, space may appear near the blank boards for notes or questions. An information designer, graphic designer or web designer fills out the storyboard with a basic sketch of each page to demonstrate how it will look and feel; it can be as simple as boxes on the page or as complex as a full sketch. Storyboards help a design team and/or clients arrive at the same understanding of what the page will do currently, and make initial changes to the basic design.

Wireframe Diagram

  • One of the most important roles of a storyboard is to provide a basic wireframe diagram of what each page will look like. The diagram should provide just enough information to give a sense of how much space each element on the page should have. Elements in a basic diagram include the navigation bar, main links, area of imagery and space for website copy. A wireframe diagram is a useful part of evaluating the information hierarchy of a page; with a visual layout, it is easier to see if the main elements will have enough space to attract viewers’ attention.

Website Behavior

  • The layout of a website often guides the ways users will interact with it and how they will get to various parts of the site. A storyboard can show the direction of movement through the website by laying out the different buttons and links on each page. When previewing a website by means of a storyboard, experts look for things like links that are visible without the user having to scroll down, clear navigation buttons, and a limited number of choices so users are not overwhelmed. The storyboard should give a sense of the overall organization and structure of the website, and show how all of the pages work together.


  • A powerful website gives only as much information as the user can handle at once. A storyboard helps segment the copy and imagery in a way that draws the reader in, piece by piece. By laying out each page, designers can get a sense of how much information should appear. Most storyboards don’t contain the actual text and images that will be on the site, but offer a general sketch that shows the layout, line width, and embedded links.

How to Teach Web Design in Middle School

Web design is not as complicated as it may appear at first. As with any other art form, you have to deal with color, style, look and message. The difference in web design is the technical factor of usability. When teaching children, you have to make the subject relevant to them. Middle-school students are not strangers to the web, but perhaps they are to art. You should teach web design to middle-school children in a way that’s engaging, interesting and creative.


  1. Explain what a bad website is. To a middle-school student, a bad website is one that is boring and perhaps lacks color or animation. Explain that information and layout are as important to good websites as are movement and color.
  2. Explain the color wheel. Show children the basic colors used in websites. For older or more advanced students, teach the hexadecimal code for colors. Create experiments to show what colors complement each other and which colors contrast with one another. Take students outside and let them see the everyday environment through the eyes of an artist. Help them isolate colors and ask them what they would change.
  3. Explain font selection and layout. The fonts you use depend largely on the website’s message and on its intended audience. Show children the differences between fonts used for kids’ websites those used on professional or business websites.
  4. Explain how to use images. Pictures are part of what give websites life. Show children websites that use only text and some that use imagery well. Explain how photography comes into play, especially in certain industries, such as sports and television.
  5. Explain the relationship between design and development. Design is what the website will look like, whereas development is how it will be implemented. Every website is created as many as three times: once in the mind of the site owner, once in the mind of the designer and once in the mind of the developer (if those aren’t all the same person). Ideally, all three merge at some point. Illustrate this with your school building, your car or any object that has been designed, engineered and built.
  6. Show how to design animations. Most children have watched plenty of cartoons, so they’re probably familiar with the concept of animation. Create a storyboard with them. Use a pad or stack of paper to create a flip animation: Make a series of slightly varied drawings on separate sheets, and flip the pages to see the drawing “move.”
  7. Display the source code of a website. Though a web designer may not have to develop the website or write the HTML code, it is good to expose children to the language of the web. Go to any website and view its source. This can be done by right-clicking with a mouse and selecting “View Page Source.”

How to Make Money at Home Using Web Design

As the world becomes more wired, computer skills are in high demand. Even companies that primarily do business offline benefit from having websites, according to Entrepreneur Magazine. Make money from home using your web design skills — make custom websites for local businesses.


  1. Open a web hosting account for your business. Choose an account type that allows you to host several sites on one account, since you’ll need to do this to design websites for companies.
  2. Buy a web domain for your business. Choose a professional name for the domain that clearly states who you are or that you are a web designer. For example, choose “” or “,” not “”
  3. Put your web design skills to work making your website look professional and informative of the services you provide. Refer to web design manuals to learn the most up-to-date skills to impress potential clients.
  4. Contact businesses in your area that don’t currently have websites to convince them of the value of an Internet presence, namely that they can access more potential customers. Refer them to your website to show them what you can do.
  5. Estimate how long it would take you to design a website for the company, according to what the client requests. If you’ll also have to maintain the website, estimate how much time it will take you to do that each month. Determine a price for your services based on this and quote it to the client. Require a portion of your fee upfront to protect yourself in the event that the client refuses to pay you for the website when you finish.
  6. Contact your web hosting company to set up a website for the client on your account. Choose a domain name that the company agrees to and that won’t confuse the public as to whose website it is. (For example, avoid a domain like “” for Tito’s Mexican Restaurant if there is a local restaurant called Tito’s Tacos.) Set up login information for this website that is different from your main website to allow the client to log in, if necessary.
  7. Design the website according to the client’s requests, checking in as you work to make sure that you’re going in the right direction. Do as much work as possible to prevent confusion on the client’s part when you turn the website over to him. For example, install an online store with categories already in place in case your client doesn’t know how to make store categories.
  8. Deliver the website login information to your client, along with instructions for use. Collect the remainder of your payment. If you’ll be maintaining the website for the client, provide a written notice of how much money he will owe you each month for your services.

How to Start a Web Design Business

Starting a web design business may be a simple choice for those who are already familiar with the Internet or have a degree in a related subject. If you understand what’s involved in designing a website, this could turn into one of the most profitable business you can ever dream of. Almost every single business out there now has a web presence, and more and more individuals are also jumping into the bandwagon by paying for their own sites.


  1. Set up your own website. This should be your first step, long before you start looking for clients. Go all out with design and make sure the website looks flawless. Then direct potential clients there to see what you can do.
  2. Learn what’s involved in designing a successful website. This entails researching what’s out there, seeing what the big companies are doing and comparing different sites in quality and easiness of use. Aside from design and layout, you will also need to manage information change, maintenance and navigability of the site.
  3. Consider expanding to offer additional services such as search engine submission and optimization, Internet marketing and traffic promotion. Most clients don’t have the knowledge or the time to do this themselves and will be happy to pay extra for the service.
  4. Build a portfolio. While you can start by designing the website of a friend or family member, it makes more sense to offer your services to a non-profit organization, such as a church or local clinic. Not only will you be doing a good deed, but the reference will certainly look more impressive in your resume.
  5. Partner with other freelancers. Copywriters can create the text for the websites, while search engine specialists can advice clients how to make the best of their business. Working as a group unit also means that you will land jobs by indirect association and partnerships.

The Best Practices for Website Design

Designing a website is no small feat, but it can make all the difference to the success of your business or product. Bad website design can appear unprofessional and deter people from returning. However, by paying attention to some best practice tips, you can create a website that is welcoming, informative and appeals to your audience. To create an effective website, you should consider several different factors.


  • Before you start creating your website, it’s important to plan. You need to define what the purpose of your website is, whether it’s providing information, selling a product or representing your company brand. Next, decide who the website is for and what the demographic of its audience will be. The purpose and target audience will influence the design and content of your website, so it’s worth thinking about the reasons for the site’s existence. Researching competitor websites can also be helpful.

Accessibility and Navigation

  • The layout of your website, including links and child pages, is important. If readers find it difficult to navigate your site or it is unclear how to get from one part of the site to another, they are less likely to have a positive image of your brand. Equally, you will need to consider the website’s accessibility and whether it is user-friendly for people with disabilities. This might include features such as a text description of every image or links for blind users with software that reads the contents of Web pages aloud.


  • According to SEO website Search Engine Watch, an average of 250 words per page is enough to communicate a message and insert a sufficient number of keywords for SEO purposes without leaving a reader swamped by text. The information you provide on your website needs to be relevant for the site’s purpose and appropriate for the target audience. If you are writing the website copy yourself, it can be helpful to ask someone else to read it before posting it. That way, you can get a third-party opinion of the style, tone and content before it is released to your audience.


  • Aesthetics are one of the most important factors in website design, as a poorly styled Web page can cause readers to leave in an instant. A balance between the amount of text and graphics in the website is helpful, as readers could be deterred by a page that is either too busy or too wordy. If you have the time and the skills, you can get creative with the graphic design and experiment with features like transparency and gradients. If your website is for a more intimate audience, you might want to consider hand-drawn art for a personal touch. Like the content, it’s important to make sure your website’s aesthetics represent your brand accurately and provide the image you want readers to see.

The Average Cost of Website Design for a Small Business

Website design impacts a business’s brand image and revenue-generating capability. The average costs of Web design, however, can be more than some companies can afford, given the rates charged by copywriters, graphic designers and programmers. Costs vary greatly depending on the quality and functionality of a website.

Domain Registration and Hosting

  • You must acquire a domain name and server space on which to store your website, which is known as hosting. As of 2014, the registration of a domain name averages approximately $10 per year, when factoring in promotions and discounts associated with bundled purchases. Web hosting provided by a third-party service provider averages around $10 a month for a month-to-month plan. However, Web hosting can cost less if purchasing six months’ or a year’s worth of time at once. If you use an internal server to store your website, the average cost of maintaining the website will depend on your personnel, equipment and utility expenses.

Design and Graphics

  • You’ll likely include logos, images and backgrounds on your website. Graphic designers can charge an average of $100 an hour for logo design, along with the creation of any other custom images that you want on your site. While you can use free templates available through WordPress, which is an open-source blogging tool and content management system, having custom Web pages helps to set your business apart from competitors.

Content Creation and Management

  • You can provide the copy writing for your website internally or outsource the task to a third-party service provider. The average cost for working with a third-party service provider specializing in content creation is $50 an hour, although it can be more if working with a high-end firm. Similarly, there are a number of freelance services that charge $25 per hour or less, which may be a better option for small businesses that don’t have the resources to hire high-end service providers.

Programming and Functionality

  • Customized Web pages, plugins and add-ons require programming, usability tests and detailed planning to provide a smooth user experience. That is why small businesses often turn to IT professionals who understand Web programming and design. Working with third-party IT professionals can cost an average of $100 an hour, depending on the scope and nature of the project. Because of the time involved, this can be one of the most expensive parts of Web design.

Facts About Web Design

Web design is more about strategy than it is about having flashy graphics or catchy phrases. The most important aspect of web design is understanding what the website needs to accomplish and how to get it there. It is easy to find artists and writers to create content for a website. It is more critical to know what to get out of those individuals.


  • Search Engine Optimization is a strategy that makes a website more easily searchable. By including keywords into the text of a website, search engines can more easily locate the website and draw it to the attention of an individual who is searching the Internet. Web designers can create their own or purchase special articles that repeat keywords several times, but in a natural-sounding way so that a search engine will bring up the site as being more relevant than another site because of the occurrence of a specific word or phrase.


  • The style of a website should reflect the message it is trying to convey. Using flash animation can really draw in visitors to the site and make it look professional and appealing. There is free software available to create flash animations, but it is not as robust as Adobe Live Motion. Flash is appropriate on the homepage of a website, but should be used sparingly as to not overwhelm those who visit the website.


  • When designing a website, it is important to consider the reason for which it will be used. Is it a personal, business or informational website. If it is a personal website, be sure the information included in it represents the individual and is generally appropriate, because the reputation that it creates can far outlast the website itself. If it is a business website, it is important to maximize its exposure by incorporating Search Engine Optimized language and advertising on other websites to reach as many individuals as possible. If the website is informational, it is crucial to be unbiased and not to endorse any product without backing up the claim or else the website will not be credible.


  • No matter how great the content or graphics of a website are, if the page is not compatible with the more popular web browsers, the website will not be successful. It is important to design the code for a website that is compatible with the four main web browsers: Internet Explorer, Safari, Netscape and Firefox. While the page does not have to be compatible with all four, it is important that the web designer recognizes the shortfalls of a particular browser and provides instructions on the website for which browser a visitor should use to be able to see and use all of the features.


  • When designing a website it is critical to consider what future goals the website must reach and how it can be viable a week, a month, a year, or several years into the future. One important consideration is who will maintain the website. Is there a dedicated webmaster or a series of freelance web designers? What percentage of sales should be created from traffic on the website and how will success be determined? One strategy for tracking traffic on the website is to use unique E-mail addresses for different parts of the website. For example, have a different E-mail address on company business cards than on the website. Further, there are applications that can be installed that will allow an individual to start either solicited or unsolicited chats with visitors to the website and get their perspective directly from the source.

How to Make a Good Website Design

If you were to ask 15 people to define what website design is you will most likely get 15 different answers. Website design means different things to different people. A computer programmer is going to see website design quite differently than a graphic artist would. However, there are some common features of all good website designs.


  1. Place only good content on your website. A good website design begins and ends with the content on the site. No one is going to stay on your website if the content is not useful, compelling, or interesting. Your page should be a unique experience for visitors and should not be the same as every other website out there. There is no way that you will keep traffic coming to your site if your content is not appealing.
  2. Don’t have any annoying or unappealing images or backgrounds on your website. Your website doesn’t have to be some sort of artistic masterpiece, but it also should not give people headaches when they look at it. You know that you have all seen those types of websites that you can’t look at for more than 30 seconds without getting dizzy or having to squint. When coming up with your website design, be sure that you don’t have any annoying backgrounds or unappealing features like clashing colors or unreadable text.
  3. Make things easy to find. Not everyone who uses the Internet is computer savvy. In fact the majority of people who are looking for information on the Internet are totally computer savvy. If you want people to keep coming back to your website, you need to make is so that everything is easy to find. Even if you do attract computer savvy people to your site, they don’t want to waste time having to look around to find what they need.
  4. Keep your website design consistent. Again, it doesn’t matter what color scheme or theme you choose, but make sure that you keep it consistent throughout your whole website. Your website design should not differ from one page to the next. This only confuses your visitors. Also, place common features such as links to other sites or the contact information in the same place from page to page.
  5. Make your visitors feel welcome. If you want to keep people coming back to your website, you need to roll out that welcome mat to them. Be sure to include feedback forms and a contact page in your website design so that you readers can get in contact with you easily. Reach out to your readers and listen to their ideas and feedback.

How to Start a Business Offering Your Own Web Server

Years ago, choosing a Web hosting company did not require much thought, and simply choosing the cheapest available shared-hosting plan was the norm. However, as Web technologies advance and Internet application become more robust and bandwidth hungry, many website owners are discovering that sharing a single Web server with hundreds of other sites is not very efficient. Today, many websites now require the performance and speed that only a dedicated or virtual private Web server can provide. As more websites migrate to private servers, starting your own Web server business can provide a substantial residual income.


  1. Research various Web hosting providers that offer reseller accounts for dedicated or virtual private server hosting. Thousands of Web server providers exist on the Web; however, few actually maintain their own servers or data centers. For information on Web server hosting providers, visit websites like WebHostingTalk or ResellerPremium. These types of sites offer insight into server companies and the plans they offer. When researching dedicated or virtual private server hosting companies, review comments made by other resellers regarding reliability, pricing plans and support for partners or resellers.
  2. Subscribe to and purchase a server reseller-hosting plan. When subscribing to a plan, consider paying for a full year of reseller hosting in advance, as you will probably receive a discount on the wholesale rate plan.
  3. Learn the management interface that the server provider uses with its system. The management interface is a crucial component of your Web server business and is where you assign, configure and maintain customer server accounts. Create a few sample accounts and configure two or three test servers to learn how to perform the tasks quickly and efficiently. Once customers begin ordering hosting services from your company, they will expect quick configuration and use of their servers.
  4. Publish a domain name that identifies your company as a web server provider. Create a professional website for the business or hire a Web designer to do the work for you. When creating the website, list detailed information on the types and configurations of the Web servers you offer, hosting plan information and pricing information. Provide information on the types of operating systems available, bandwidth usage policies and acceptable uses for the Web servers. To avoid potential legal issues, do not allow website owners to use the servers to display pornography, facilitate transfers of copyrighted material or violate and laws.
  5. Develop a payment processing system for the website. Create an online form for users to submit billing and payment information. Alternatively, have them submit contact information and then call them for needed payment details.
  6. Advertise your Web server company on as many high-volume websites as possible. Alternatively, purchase ads or advertising credits from major traffic-producing sites like Google, LinkShare or DoubleClick. Keep in mind that to drive customers to your site, you must create as much exposure for your new Web business as possible.
  7. Receive orders for Web server hosting accounts and process the payments. Assist the customer in setting up the dedicated or virtual private server as needed.

How to Make Money at Home Using Web Design

As the world becomes more wired, computer skills are in high demand. Even companies that primarily do business offline benefit from having websites, according to Entrepreneur Magazine. Make money from home using your web design skills — make custom websites for local businesses.


  1. Open a web hosting account for your business. Choose an account type that allows you to host several sites on one account, since you’ll need to do this to design websites for companies.
  2. Buy a web domain for your business. Choose a professional name for the domain that clearly states who you are or that you are a web designer. For example, choose “” or “,” not “”
  3. Put your web design skills to work making your website look professional and informative of the services you provide. Refer to web design manuals to learn the most up-to-date skills to impress potential clients.
  4. Contact businesses in your area that don’t currently have websites to convince them of the value of an Internet presence, namely that they can access more potential customers. Refer them to your website to show them what you can do.
  5. Estimate how long it would take you to design a website for the company, according to what the client requests. If you’ll also have to maintain the website, estimate how much time it will take you to do that each month. Determine a price for your services based on this and quote it to the client. Require a portion of your fee upfront to protect yourself in the event that the client refuses to pay you for the website when you finish.
  6. Contact your web hosting company to set up a website for the client on your account. Choose a domain name that the company agrees to and that won’t confuse the public as to whose website it is. (For example, avoid a domain like “” for Tito’s Mexican Restaurant if there is a local restaurant called Tito’s Tacos.) Set up login information for this website that is different from your main website to allow the client to log in, if necessary.
  7. Design the website according to the client’s requests, checking in as you work to make sure that you’re going in the right direction. Do as much work as possible to prevent confusion on the client’s part when you turn the website over to him. For example, install an online store with categories already in place in case your client doesn’t know how to make store categories.
  8. Deliver the website login information to your client, along with instructions for use. Collect the remainder of your payment. If you’ll be maintaining the website for the client, provide a written notice of how much money he will owe you each month for your services.

How to Become a Web Hosting Reseller

Web hosting reselling is easy to get into and a can be a great way to make money from home, but it can also be a competitive market. By becoming a web hosting reseller, you don’t even need to have your own servers; you can buy space from large web hosting companies and sell it to your own customers.


  1. Shop around for the best prices. Many well known web hosting companies offer wholesale space to resellers.
  2. Choose a web hosting package. If it is a “whole” package, you will need to decide how you want to split it up. (A “whole” package comes in one big block of space, instead of several pre-split mini packages.) Once your package, set your prices.
  3. Design your own website to sell the packages. You want people to know that you are a reliable web hosting seller and a professional looking website will send that message. If you can’t design the site yourself, hire a professional designer.
  4. Market your website anywhere you can. Forum signatures and link exchanges are great and affordable places to begin. This is an important step because there is a lot of competition in web hosting reselling and ads are the only way to bring in new customers. You can also use search engine optimization (SEO) techniques, so that your website will rank higher with major search engines.
  5. Put 25 percent of your profit back into your business to buy more space, advertise and update your website.

How to Write a Company Description Website Page

Your company’s description page is your business face on the Internet. It needs to have certain key data elements, but it must also be formatted in a way that is appealing and professional. The description page is an advertisement for your company. Follow some key Internet advertising rules to build a strong Web presence that engages and entices customers.

Include All Relevant Information, But Keep it Simple

  • Your goal is to attract customers and sell products. The description page defines the who, what, where, when and why of your business in a manner that is eye-catching and inviting to customers. Include all pertinent information, but keep your language simple. Break the description page into sub-pages such as Products, Location and Hours, Company History, Executive Staff and Frequently Asked Questions. Keep each page’s contents limited to a single screen for quick skimming, and provide links for further reading.

Use Images to Draw Customer Interest

  • Many people will turn away from a wall of text without so much as skimming it. An image draws a customer onto a page and entices her to read further. Opt for simplicity. Use your company logo, images of your building, or simple stock photos depicting friendly customer service representatives and people enjoying the products you sell. Keep the focus on the text, but allow the visual imagery to juxtapose with the message in order to illicit an emotional response in the reader.

Use Standard, Web-Safe Fonts

  • When in doubt, use Times New Roman or Ariel. They are universal fonts, meaning they will translate properly across browsers and platforms, delivering a uniform look and feel. They are recognized; people are used to seeing websites in these fonts, thus they are more comfortable reading passages on the page. And most importantly, they are professional. Cute or kitschy fonts such as Comic Sans may seem attention-grabbing, but they grab the wrong kind of attention. Keep your fonts basic and professional.

Test Across Mutliple Browsers and Mobile Devices

  • Not all consumers use the same Web browser or device. You have users on Microsoft, Google, Apple and Linux platforms. Test on as many of these platforms as possible to ensure a consistent experience regardless of device or browser. Browsers are free to download, so install them all, and test thoroughly.
    You have customers browsing your page on iPhones, Androids or Windows Phones. Use your Web-hosting provider’s mobile configurations if they are available. Have your employees test the site on their phones. Do not leave formatting to chance! You could scare off an entire population just because your site doesn’t display properly on a specific device, platform or browser.

How to Build a Commercial Web Site to 1&1, the world’s largest web hosting service provider, 64 percent of consumers would have sincere doubts about buying from a business without a website, or would switch to a competing business. Such statistics highlight the important for owning a commercial website to promote your small business. A commercial web site can also generate additional revenue through advertising and affiliate marketing. Learn how to build a commercial website to promote your company and make money online.


  1. Determine the purpose for your commercial website. Individuals often build a commercial website for two reasons: to promote their company or small business and its services/products, or to create a new revenue stream and generate an online income. The former will often highlight the small business and feature product pages and methods in which the visitor can purchase items. The latter will typically center on content and information supported by advertisements. Both commercial website types are similar in their creation, though the actual design for the website may differ slightly.
  2. Register for a web hosting account. Choose a professional web host plan that can handle a large amount of visitors and offers robust services and features that allow you to track visitors and website traffic. Various service providers offer economical hosting plans that serve the needs of commercial websites. Examples include GoDaddy and 1&1 (links in the Resources section).
  3. Connect your FTP client with your web host account. You will need your domain name (provided with your hosting plan) and password to sync your FTP client with the online server. An FTP client allows you to manage your online files and upload new site files as you build your commercial website.
  4. Create a new commercial web page. You may write the HTML code by hand if you are experienced with basic HTML, using a web design program such as Adobe Dreamweaver or a basic text editing utility. Alternatively, use an automated commercial website generator included with most website hosting plans (e.g., 1&1 provides tutorials and an automated program to help you create a professional website without knowing HTML code).
  5. Upload the commercial website files to your website server using your FTP client.
  6. Integrate affiliate marketing to make money online using your commercial website. Affiliate marketing works by giving you a small commission for selling a product or service. Various companies offer affiliate accounts to help you make money on the Internet by promoting their products. Choose a professional affiliate marketing program to avoid being scammed. Various reputable, online companies give independent publishers an opportunity to join their affiliate marketing. Examples include Amazon’s Amazon Associates and Commission Junction (links in the Resources section). Insert your affiliate links into your commercial website to make money anytime a visitor buys the product or service.
  7. Insert advertising, such as Google AdSense, into your commercial website. Google AdSense is one of the most popular third-party advertising programs. The advantage of using a third-party advertising program is that you do not have to manually find advertisers and manage their accounts. After inserting the Google AdSense code, Google serves relevant ads to your commercial website and pays you every time someone clicks on an ad.
  8. Promote the commercial website you’ve built to gain more traffic and earn more money off of the affiliate marketing and advertising on your web pages. Build organic traffic by requesting links from other relevant commercial websites so that visitors have an increased chance of finding your page.

How to Run a Website Business

Thousands of large and small companies have websites, but most of those websites are merely brochure sites that introduce the company, its services and perhaps its management. However, the applications available to today’s web designers are so versatile and functional that it makes running a business totally from the web more viable than ever before.

Running a Website Business

  1. Maintain a good working relationship with your web-design company or individual professional. You’ll want to appoint this individual as your webmaster, responsible for ensuring all systems on the website are operational.
  2. Work with a web marketing company to ensure your company’s website can be found through search. Most people navigate their way through the millions of websites out there by first searching on a major search engine like Google, Bing or Yahoo! A web business must do the prerequisite organic marketing of the business website, which is the development of meta-tag information including title, content description and keywords. This information doesn’t appear on the visible page but is the first bit of information a search engine looks for when it is ranking websites to display in search results. This is the first rung of the web-marketing ladder.
  3. Consider the options available to promote your web business using paid search ads available on all the major search engines. Google is the master at paid search with its AdWords program, where you can set a spend budget and Google will run your text ad on websites with themes appropriate to your business. You can also monetize your site with Google’s AdSense Program and be paid by Google for ads that run and are clicked on by visitors to your site. You’ll want to consider whether your website should be monetized. Not all business sites should be used for advertising, especially if it is a corporate business website whose traffic is professional rather than public.
  4. Align your e-commerce website with the numerous companies that exist to facilitate accepting credit cards either through PayPal, LinkPoint, or even the credit card companies themselves. Accepting credit cards is mandatory if you will be selling goods online. You’ll also want to ensure transacations on your website by having an encrypted Secure Socket Layer (SSL) on your website. Visitors will know that they can safely use their credit card on your website when they see https in your website’s URL..

How to Create a Marketing Letter for a Website Designer

Marketing letters help you win new clients and stimulate more business from existing ones. The letter should explain how your website design capabilities can help clients solve their business problems. Where possible, you should personalize the letter to demonstrate your understanding of the prospect’s market. Make sure you include an offer that encourages the recipient to contact you.


  1. Identify the target audience for your marketing letter. Aim new business letters at businesses in market sectors where you have special knowledge or where you have a track record of developing successful websites. Target existing clients that you need to refresh or upgrade their existing sites. According to “AIGA Design: Business,” one of the most important aspects of marketing for creative firms is “clear positioning on the competitive landscape.”
  2. Tell prospects how your approach to website design could help them overcome their business problems or enhance the performance of their website. According to the website design company Canary Dwarf, “The web is not just about artwork or code, it’s about understanding where your business is going and what the web can do for you.” Explain how you could attract more visitors or improve their search engine ranking, for example. Describe how you could make it easier for their customers to purchase online. The more you know about a prospect, the more you can personalize the letter.
  3. Demonstrate your expertise by telling clients and prospects about the latest developments in website design. Explain how those developments would benefit their own website. This shows that you are an expert in website design who is capable of providing clients with guidance on best practices.
  4. Offer to review the prospect’s existing website and make recommendations on its future development. You don’t need to carry out free design work; however, making recommendations will give you an opportunity to show the prospect your working methods. The review will also give you the chance to learn more about the prospect and help to establish a working relationship. The “AIGA Design: Business” article on marketing emphasizes the importance of a focus on long-term, mutually advantageous relationships with clients.
  5. Include a link to your own website, directing the prospect to a page that showcases your existing work. Alternatively, include a link to the website of an existing client where you solved a similar marketing problem. Obtain permission from the client to use the website as a reference.
  6. Describe your cost structure. Emphasize value for money and, if necessary, include ballpark figures for different types of site design. Including ballpark figures can be useful to prospects with no previous experience of professional website design services.
  7. End the letter with a prompt to the reader to take action. Provide contact details, including your phone number, email address and website URL. Let the reader know that you will contact her within a specific period to arrange the next stage. Include an incentive to respond, such as a free website review offer or other incentive.

How to Design a Coffee Shop Template

A template is a special type of document that serves as the basis for a document you create frequently. The template always includes design elements that never change, thus allowing you to quickly change or add other elements without the need to start from scratch each time. A coffee shop template might be used as the basis for a web page or even as a menu in a coffee shop itself. Creating a coffee-themed template to help advertise your coffee shop can save you time and effort.


  1. Open Microsoft Word 2007 and go to the “Start” button. Choose “New” and scroll all the way down in the template library. Select “More Categories” and choose “Menus.” Open either of the available web page templates to custom-edit.
  2. Go the the “Page Layout” section and select the “Page Color” option. Set the color of the page to a coffee color, such as a light tan.
  3. Go to the “Home” ribbon to change your template text. Select the text style you want and use the drop-down font menu to change your font style and size. Use the font color option on the toolbar to change the color of your font. Choose a dark, coffee-colored brown to complement your background.
  4. Select the images in the template one at a time, hit the delete key to remove them, then use the “Insert” ribbon to browse to the location on your computer where your original coffee graphics are. Coffee cups, a coffee grinder and coffee beans are all graphics that you could use to enhance your template.
  5. Replace any text in the template with your own by selecting and typing over the template text. You can add more or less text than the template originally contained. Type your coffee and food items directly into the menu, then save your document as something different from your template. Now you have a coffee-themed template you can easily modify. This template can be used as a web page or as a coffeehouse menu.

How to Start Selling Website Templates

A website is crucial for today’s businesses, even for companies that operate primarily offline, according to Entrepreneur magazine. Business owners who realize this may face one problem when they decide to start a website — they know almost nothing about Web programming. Fill this need by providing website templates to allow anyone to build a website regardless of computer skill. You don’t even need to know how to make a template since companies will provide them for you and allow you to resell them.


  1. Purchase a website template package with full resale rights from a company such as Witty Templates, Hoover Web Templates or Templates-Web. Make sure the templates explicitly say they include full resale rights so you don’t violate the law by selling them.
  2. Buy a Web hosting account and a domain name that includes “templates,” such as “” This is where you will sell the templates.
  3. Choose a distinct name for each template. For example, you might name one green-themed template “limeade” and name another green-theme template “greengreeneverywhere.” You will use these to easily identify the files for each template.
  4. Copy the files for each template. Move one set into a folder named after the template and compress the other set in a ZIP file with the same name. Move the ZIP file into the folder. The ZIP file is the package in which you will deliver the template to the customer.
  5. Access your website administration panel. Upload the folder for each template. The folders now serve as directories on your website (for example, “”).
  6. Determine a price for your templates that will allow you to cover the cost you paid for them. Unlike a tangible product, you could feasibly sell unlimited quantities of a template, so you may be able to charge less than your cost per template and still make a profit over time.
  7. Open a PayPal account. Use the “Buy Now” feature in the “Merchant Services” section to make a button that will allow customers to buy the templates from your website. Make the ZIP file in each theme’s directory the page the customer returns to after a completed purchase. Save the buttons.
  8. Open the “index.html” file of each template in your HTML editor. Type the name of the template, a list its features and a clear statement that the template of this page is the template you are describing. Paste the “Buy Now” button code below the description.
  9. Choose one of the templates as the default for your website. Copy its files to the home directory and open index.html in your HTML editor to make a home page for your website. Type the name of your website, a brief description of what you sell and a list of the available templates. Link each template name to the index.html file in its respective directory.
  10. Advertise your website in business-related forums and blogs and in the signatures of your emails. These are places where you are likely to find buyers.

How to Upload Website Templates you have a website but can’t create a custom website layout, you can purchase a website template and use that for your site. Taking this route is both easier and cheaper than creating your own website or having a designer create a custom website design for you. All you need to do is edit the page to your liking and then upload it to your web server. Uploading the template to a web server is a process that only takes a few minutes.


  1. Download the website template. Double click on the files to extract them if they are in a compressed file such as a ZIP or DMG.
  2. Open a file transfer protocol (FTP) program. Enter your FTP log-in information if this is your first time using the software. You will be asked for the name of the FTP host, your username and password. If you don’t have this information, contact your host and ask them for it.
  3. Visit the directory into which you plan on uploading the template. If you want this in your website’s root directory, this is often under the “WWW” folder in the website directory.
  4. Drag the template files from your computer to the directory displayed in the FTP window. Depending on the number of files in each template, the transfer may take a while. Let the transfer finish before closing the window.

How to Download and Use Website Templates are hundreds — or even thousands — of places on the Internet where you can find website templates for free or for purchase. A template can help you create a professional-looking website in very little time. Some templates only require to change the text and you’re done. You will need to choose a template based upon your specific needs for appearance, function and ease of use. Downloading is a simple process, but installation may require some time and a bit of knowledge.


  1. Search for template sites online, looking for a template that suits your needs. If you’re creating a website for a business such as real estate or accounting, you can find several templates with themes suited to those industries. If you’re creating a personal website, find a design that suits your personality or the topics you’ll be covering on your website.Note which platforms the templates are designed to work on. Some are for use with Adobe Dreamweaver, Microsoft FrontPage or WordPress. Note that Dreamweaver and FrontPage would need to be purchased if they didn’t come with your computer. WordPress can be downloaded for free.
  2. Download the template by clicking on the “Download” button on the page where you found the template. If it isn’t free, you will have to purchase it before you will have access to a download link.
  3. Unzip the files after they’ve been downloaded onto your computer. Double-click on the Zip file, or right-click and select “Unzip File”. You will be prompted to select a place to which to extract the files. Create a new folder on your computer with a name and location that you will remember.
  4. Upload the files. Your website hosting provider may have an online file manager so you can transfer the files to their server. If not, you will need to download an FTP program. You can find various FTP programs for free online.Connect to your host using your username, password and FTP address. Contact your host for this information if you don’t know it. Upload the template into the public_html folder if you can find this folder on your host’s server. If you can’t, contact your host and ask them for the appropriate place to upload the files.
  5. Access your administration panel through your website platform. This could be WordPress, FrontPage, Dreamweaver or another program. You will generally need a username and password to access it. You can change the text and make some design adjustments if the template allows.

How to Import Templates to Dreamweaver Dreamweaver is a web authoring application used by web developers to model, create and manage large, dynamic websites. Dreamweaver automates much of the tedious hand-coding involved in creating a website from scratch. By using a template in Dreamweaver, you can focus on the creative elements on the page, such as compelling text and interesting graphics, without worrying about coding the page layout. You can also edit the layout in your template and Dreamweaver will automatically update all pages with the new layout. If you’ve created a template file using another authoring tool, you can easily import your template into Dreamweaver.


  1. Open your template in your web authoring tool and export it to XML.XML is a standard language for exchanging document data between computers. Most web applications, databases, word processing programs like Microsoft Word and spreadsheet programs like Microsoft Excel, will easily save a document in XML format.
  2. Select “Import” from the File menu in Dreamweaver, then select “Import XML into Template.”
  3. Select the XML file from the Import dialog box and click “Open.” Dreamweaver will create a new template from the XML specifications of your original document.If there is also data in your XML file, Dreamweaver will open a new document window and roll the data into the editable regions of your new template.
  4. Verify that the template looks correct and select “Save as Template” from the “File” menu.If the document auto-filed with text looks correct, save the document by selecting “Save” from the File menu.

How to Add Templates to Your BlueHost Domain web hosting offers a variety of features for businesses and individuals looking to set up an online identity for their marketing needs. With the abundance of features, BlueHost makes it as easy as possible to get up and running in minutes with their free and easy to use web page templates designed by skilled graphic designers. Using a BlueHost template for your new webpage design is a simple and easy process.


  1. Log in to BlueHost using the domain and password you set up during registration.
  2. Locate the “Software and Services” menu link and select “Page Wizard” from the resulting menu.
  3. Name your new project and click the “Click Here to Start” button to begin.
  4. Click the “Start Website from Template” button to select from the array of templates offered by BlueHost. Before you can begin customizing your new template, you must name the page. If it is the first page you are creating or if it’s going to be your homepage, you must use the “/index.html” filename.
  5. Select the template you want to use by dragging and dropping it into the workspace allotted for your webpage. When you have finished, make sure to save your work by clicking the “Save” button.

How to Add Pages to My Web Site Template

How to Add Pages to My Web Site Template. Templates make building web sites easier. This is a sure fact. And they are often less expensive than hiring a designer. One problem, however, comes up with most templates: they don’t have enough links on them to include all of the pages needed. Adding pages to templates is not terribly difficult even for a beginner, but you will need to make a few adjustments.
To add pages to a template menu using I-frames, you should first understand the concept of frames. With frame construction, the index page calls only a portion of a page to see “additional content” (that is, the frame). If you want to add a page to the menu bar along the top or side of your frame template, follow these simple steps.


  1. Open your template in your site editor.
  2. Locate the table holding the menu.
  3. Make note of the width or height of the table–width if the menu is horizontal and height if the menu is vertical. If the original table is 300px wide or tall, you will need to adjust the cells within the table to total that number with the new addition.
  4. Within the existing table, you will need to add a cell to accommodate your new page, then adjust all of the cells to be the appropriate size.
  5. Open an existing frame within the template. From the menu bar, choose “Save As” and navigate to the file where your template is saved.
  6. Choose the frame number for your new frame, and choose “Save”.
  7. Revert to your index and highlight your new cell in the navigation table, then program it to be a link, with the new frame number as the link name and the target being content. An example of this is as follows: .
  8. Close the command cell.
  9. With an html template, the only difference is the command line. It will read: .
  10. An alternative method to add a page is to include it simply as a text link within the context of the document. To add a text link:
    1. Choose the text to serve as the link.
  11. In your text editor, immediately prior to the text, simply type in the appropriate command line as above, based on whether your template uses frames or html pages.
  12. Immediately following the text, close the command with the syntax.

How to Use a Downloaded Design Template

A downloaded design template is a great way to shortcut creating a new website. With a template, you don’t need to agonize over the design because it’s already done for you. Even the graphics are included. You will, however, need to customize the template to fit your website needs. This requires web editing software, ideally one with a design layout view such as Adobe Dreamweaver, and graphics editing software, such as Adobe Photoshop or Adobe Fireworks, that can read PNG and PSD files and is able to export JPG and GIF files.

Customize the HTML File

  1. Look at the files included with the downloaded design template. They will be a mixture of HTML, CSS and graphics files. Some graphics may be labeled as “editable,” meaning these are the ones the designer expected you to want to customize for your website, such as the banner. Other graphics you probably don’t need to edit are spacers, bars and backgrounds that hold the design together.
  2. Make a copy of the folder containing the template files. This way you can edit one set of files and keep the originals somewhere else in case you want to use them again.
  3. Open your web editing software program and open the template file labeled something like index.html. This would be the home page for the template.
  4. Examine the template in your web editing tool and look for the areas you want to customize. Click on the images to find out what their filenames are so you can locate them in the template files to edit. Also, note the image dimensions (height and width). When you customize template graphics you must make sure your new files are the same dimensions as the originals or you will skew the layout.
  5. Edit text areas on the template and add your new content.
  6. Remove any parts of the template you don’t want, but remember some templates that use tables in the layout may have graphics or text in certain locations to hold the width of a column at a specific measurement. If you remove those items, the column might shrink, distorting the layout. Replace them with a graphic or text of equal size to keep the column width from changing.
  7. Use the Save command in your web editing tool to save your changes, then exit the web editing tool.

Customize the Graphic Files

  1. Open your graphics editing tool and open the template files you want to customize. The ones you noticed in the HTML file will probably have JPG or GIF extension, which are compressed files optimized for the web. The files you want to edit are the “original” files that these compressed versions came from. They should be in PNG or PSD or another format other than JPG or GIF and are probably stored in a separate folder inside the template folder.
  2. Use the editing tools in your graphics software to change the files to how you want them to appear on your web page and save the changes.
  3. Export the edited graphic files in the JPG or GIF format that matches the format of the files you’re replacing in the template, and place them in the same folder with the HTML file you saved in part one. Don’t change their file names or the references in the HTML file will be broken. Your graphics program will notify you that the exported file is replacing an existing file and that’s what you want.
  4. Reopen the HTML index file in your web editing tool to see how the updated graphics look and make adjustments as necessary.

How to Make Website Templates are useful for common Web design, and can be sold to others for a good profit. Templates can be easily created with a few simple design tools. Artistic skill can help greatly in the process, but isn’t required.

Creating the Graphic Design

  1. Open Photoshop and create a new image with a resolution of 1024 x 768. Make sure the image has a transparent background.
  2. Use the filler tool to create a background color for the page. Then, in the “Filters” section of the file menu, click on the “Texturizer” tool. Apply a texture to the color.
  3. Create a new layer, and use the rectangle or rounded rectangle tools to create a navigation bar and content and logo boxes.
  4. Right-click on the layer that the boxes are in, and select “Blending Options.” This will open a menu where you can apply bevels, drop shadows and many other effects to the boxes.
  5. Save the file as a .jpg image in your Web template folder.

Creating the HTML Template

  1. Open Dreamweaver and create a new .html file.
  2. Create a new layer, and insert the image you just created. Click on “Page Properties” at the bottom of the screen, and match the page’s background with the background of the image.
  3. Select the image, and use the rectangle, oval, and polygon tools at the bottom left of the screen to create hot spots around all your navigation buttons.
  4. Save the file as “template.html”

How to Learn Graphic Design Online for Free design can be easy to break into if you are already familiar with computers and have an eye for design. The price of graphic design classes can be an unnecessary barrier to learning design skills but you can often get the same depth of experiencing when you learn graphic design online for free. Learning online allows you to move at your own pace. Depending on your determination and schedule you could learn the basics in a few weeks or a few months without being tied to a class schedule.


  1. Buy design software such as Adobe CS with Photoshop and Illustrator or download free software like GIMP and DrawPlus. Photoshop and GIMP are raster programs that allow you to edit photographs and create effects and web graphics. Illustrator and DrawPlus are vector programs that are more suited to page layouts, logos and drawings.
  2. Use the program’s help menu to learn how to use the software and what the various tools do. The help menu should give you good basic knowledge to expand upon as you learn advanced techniques.
  3. Find tutorials for your design software at sites like Tutorials walk you through a project step by step so you can recreate the look or object on your own. Tutorials can take hours to complete for complex designs, but most are written in a way that is accessible to all users. Once you learn a technique in a tutorial you will be able to use it in other designs and tweak it suit your style and projects.
  4. Join an online community for graphic designers. The people in the community will have experience and insider knowledge that will help you as you learn. is a design magazine that has a popular forum.
  5. Submit your works for critique in the community and critique others’ work. There is no better way to learn than by your mistakes and you will develop an eye for what looks and works best while judging other works.

How to Create a Web Page Using Microsoft Office pages are created using a programming language called Hypertext Markup Language, or HTML. While this language is relatively simple, consisting of code tags surrounding words, you don’t have to learn HTML to make your own web page. There are a number of different programs that you can use that will write all the HTML language tags for you—Microsoft Word, included with Microsoft Office, is one program that will do that for you simply and easily.


  1. Start Microsoft Word by going the “Start” menu, searching in “Programs” for Microsoft Office, and from there, opening Microsoft Word.
  2. Type your web page according to your plan. Use all the usual formatting and style options that you would use while typing with Word.
  3. Click on “File, Save As” to open the “Save As” dialog box.
  4. Type in the name of your web page in the first box at the bottom of the window.
  5. In the box below your file name, click on the drop-down arrow and change the “Save As type” to “Web Page (.htm; .html)”.

Beautiful CSS/DIV Tutorials “Coders at Work,” author Peter Siebel and programmer Peyton Jones describe “beautiful code” as code with an element of elegance and simplicity. When it comes to creating beautiful websites with CSS, elegant coding solutions often demonstrate a mastery of the fundamentals. In your search for CSS tutorials, take a holistic approach to learning. Begin with the basics of CSS-based design, then move on to more specific, advanced tutorials.


  1. Visit HTML Dog. Since 2003, British Web designer Patrick Griffiths has run this well-regarded HTML tutorial website. Taken as a whole, HTML Dog represents a complete, self-guided course in the basics of CSS-based design using the best practices recommended by the World Wide Web Consortium, or W3C — the organization responsible for developing Web standards in the first place. Coding beautiful websites with CSS relies on a thorough knowledge of standards-based design. Though written for CSS 2 and XHTML, mastering the tutorials at HTML Dog using a Web browser and basic text editor can serve as a strong foundation for mastering CSS3 and HTML5.
  2. Study the CSS Zen Garden, a showcase for purely CSS-based design with contributions from a large number of Web designers from around the world. Designers take the basic HTML code for the CSS Zen Garden and style it by applying their own, original CSS. By using your browser’s “view source” function or a basic Web development plug-in, you can look under the hood and see how the CSS for each design works. CSS Zen Garden demonstrates the versatile nature of CSS and standards-based design and offers myriad examples of beautiful CSS.
  3. Browse the “CSS” tag at Smashing Magazine, a publication aimed at professionals working in Web design and development. Smashing Magazine’s collection of articles on CSS includes tutorials on grid-based CSS design, pairing CSS3 and HTML5, the power of pseudo elements, using CSS with jQuery and CSS sprites. Periodically, Smashing will post a round-up lists of useful CSS tutorials found elsewhere on the Web.
  4. Work through tutorials and study the gallery at CSS Beauty. Since 2004, CSS Beauty has acted as a showcase for editor Alex Giron’s favorite examples of standards-based, CSS-driven design on the Web. Visit some websites in the screenshot gallery that pique your interest. Use your browser’s view source function to read the underlying HTML and CSS for ideas. As CSS Beauty emphasizes accessibility, the examples in the gallery can offer insight into designing websites that display correctly on a variety of browsers and devices — from Firefox to Safari, from smart phones to screen readers and everything in between.

Microsoft Web Design Programs

Microsoft’s FrontPage used to ship with Microsoft office, but has now been replaced with Expression Studio. Expression Studio is hoping to be able to compete with the Adobe and Corel products and the studio includes: Microsoft Expression Web, Microsoft Expression Blend, Microsoft Expression Design and Microsoft Expression Encoder. Expression Blend is set up to rival the current rich Internet application (RIA) developer, Flash. Blend also offers XAML, a new markup language with its focus on presentation versus words.

Expression Blend

  • Expression Blend allows you to create prototyping designs without knowing code, which helps to speed up web development and design. The designs are created by drawing shapes, control buttons and list boxes that are interactive and unique. Like Flash, Expression Blend comes with editable user interface elements such as buttons, check-boxes, combo boxes and sliders. Another feature is the ability to have the canvas automatically re-size either horizontally or vertically.

Expression Web

  • Expression Web is the replacement for FrontPage and is less user-friendly for new users. It does come with templates to get you started and allows for FrontPage imports. Its design is similar to Dreamweaver with its panes and the ability to view code and design at the same time. Its CSS layout offers direct positioning of CSS code such as margins and padding. Expression Web also offers the capability to debug your web pages in a variety of browsers and will return a SEO report to help improve search engine rankings. Expression Web SEO reporting gives you the information to improve your Web site’s relevance in search results by recommending how to make the site content more search engine-friendly.

Expression Encoder

  • Expression Encoder will encode video file formats or capture screen videos on your PC. If offers simple editing and allows media with overlays and advertising. Expression Encoder comes with player templates and the ability to publish with Microsoft Silverlight.

Expression Design

  • Expression Design has drawing tools to create vector and raster artwork and the ability to slice your artwork for export to a variety of formats.


  • Publisher still ships with Microsoft Office and has numerous web-designing features such as templates for contact, about, selling products, describing services, displaying a calendar or schedule, displaying a list of projects or activities, employee information and links to other web pages. Add your own artwork and delete features you don’t need. Create links on the calendar to events or create a company newsletter.

How to Learn Web Design for Beginners

According to the Netcraft Web Server Survey, there were roughly 206,026,787 independent websites online in 2010. With so many websites online, web designers face a difficult task in creating a website that sticks out from the pack. Even more daunting is the process of learning to design a website. Fortunately, there are plenty of resources available to help beginners learn to design websites. With a little effort, you may even win a Webby, the award presented by the International Academy of Digital Arts and Sciences for excellence in web design.


  1. Enroll in an online web design class. Several websites offer classes that range in level, price, and focus, including eClasses, Education Portal, and W3 Schools.
  2. Enroll in a web design course. If you would prefer to take an entire course on web design in person and even earn a degree, consider enrolling in a web design course. To find a course near you, type your zip code into the Web Design Schools Guide search box (see resource below). Alternatively, you can contact your local college or university to see if they offer a web design program.
  3. Go to your local library and take out a couple of books on web design for beginners. The “For Dummies” series includes several books designed to teach web deign to beginners, including “Web Design for Dummies,” “Building Web Sites All-in-One for Dummies,” and “Creating Web Pages for Dummies.”
  4. Browse the Internet and pay close attention to the various websites you come across. One way to learn web page design is to find out why you like certain websites and why you dislike others. One web designer has even created a site for this purpose (see resource below). The site discusses the ugliest websites and what makes them so ugly.